For people seeking careers that are simultaneously challenging, meaningful, and exciting, it is tough to beat becoming a crime scene technician. These professionals, also known as forensic science technicians or crime scene analysts, have inspired a number of popular television programs such as CSI and Dexter. At the most basic level, these are the professionals that report to a crime scene and help to examine, collect, and transport the physical evidence found there. A crime scene technician may be called upon to take crime scene photos and help recreate the crime that took place, working alongside law enforcement.
Since this position straddles the worlds of criminal justice and science, there can be overlap in responsibilities and position titles. Looking at the criminal justice side, crime scene technicians are considered entry-level positions compared to crime scene investigators who typically have more experience and serve in supervisory roles.
Typically but not always, crime scene technicians and investigators will have police academy training. Once evidence is collected, entry-level forensic technicians are responsible for analyzing it in a laboratory and are supervised by forensic investigators. Having the job title of ‘investigator’ in this field means to oversee the work of crime scene or forensic technicians, oversee the collection of evidence or laboratory outcomes, and make legal statements in a courtroom or legal capacity.
Since 87 percent of forensic and crime scene technologists and investigators work in local or state government (BLS 2019) lines may blur between the job responsibilities depending on local government funding. For example, a crime scene technician may be hired into a mostly evidence collection role, but later be asked to use their scientific skills in a laboratory setting if needed.
Overall, the crime scene technician career requires a background in science and exceptional attention to detail. Most crime scene technicians earn a bachelor’s before starting in the field and may go on to complete certification programs or an advanced degree in order to further their job prospects. While this occupation is not for the faint of heart, it does allow people to work beyond the confines of a cubicle and employ rigorous problem-solving skills in a real-world context.
For crime scene technicians, it pays to have a strong stomach and a sense of adventure. These trained professionals apply scientific principles and the latest technologies in their quest for justice. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS 2020) puts crime scene technicians in the forensic science technician category. According to the BLS, the demand for these forensic professionals is expected to increase by 14 percent from 2019 to 2029, which is much faster than the average for all occupations in the same decade (4 percent). It should be noted that some subspecialties are growing faster than others. For instance, subfields of forensic science such as digital computer forensics and DNA specialties are expected to become dominant, growing fields in forensic science in years to come
As might be expected, the majority of crime scene technicians will be employed by state and local governments in the law enforcement division (BLS 2020). While some technicians are officers themselves, many are civilians as well. The BLS indicates that while a master’s degree is not required to pursue this career, in a competitive job market it can be helpful for job seekers to have an advanced level of education.
Salaries for crime scene technicians can largely depend on the level of experience they have as well as the city and state where they decide to work. The median annual pay for the forensic science technician career is $59,150, with the lowest-paid 10 percent making less than $35,620 and the best-paid 10 percent making more than $97,350 (BLS May 2019).
There are no governmental requirements for crime scene technician licensure or education. According to CareerOneStop (2020), 23 percent of forensic science technicians have a bachelor’s degree while an additional 24 percent have an associate’s degree or some college with no degree. The same site indicates that seven percent of those in the profession have a master’s or doctoral degree. Clearly, a higher level of education will be a differentiator in opportunities and salary for advanced degree holders.
While licensure is also not required, crime scene technicians may choose to pursue certification. A number of relevant certifications have been accredited by the Forensic Science Accreditation Board (FSAB). These certifications include specialties such as criminalistics and document examination. The International Association for Identification offers three certifications that are targeted at crime scene investigation specifically:
These certifications are not required to find employment, but after gaining some field experience they can be helpful in obtaining promotions and increased responsibilities.
There are several different paths to becoming a crime scene technician. It is typical to have at least an associate degree in forensic sciences, criminal justice, crime scene technology, or a related discipline. Depending on the employing organization, it may be advisable to have at least a bachelor’s degree in a field such as chemistry or biology.
Successful candidates normally complete courses in mathematics and science, in addition to classes in forensics if they’re available. Following is the most common path followed to become a crime scene technician. Note that the following path is only applicable to civilian technicians. Those that want to become crime scene technicians via the law enforcement path will need to attend the police academy either before or after college.
While becoming a crime scene or forensic technician can be an exciting career move, it is important to evaluate the pros and cons of this type of work environment. As with any professional decision, be sure to consult the Bureau of Labor Statistics for the latest information on the growth and availability of work in various states and municipalities.
Rachel Drummond is a freelance writer, educator, and yogini from Oregon. She’s taught English to international university students in the United States and Japan for more than a decade and has a master’s degree in education from the University of Oregon. Rachel writes about meditation, yoga, coaching, and more on her blog (Instagram: @oregon_yogini).