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Today, investigators can solve cases using computer programs to generate possible facial images of suspects or victims based on DNA.
Between paper recordkeeping, disaggregated logs of evidence, and bulky, outdated lab equipment, there is plenty of room for improvement in forensic science and investigation. That is where phone apps come in.
Those who practice forensics are essentially scientific detectives who must reconstruct an event after the fact, through the study of biology, chemistry, and technology. Forensic professionals study ballistics, toxicology, questionable documents, fingerprints, DNA, and trace evidence. Their findings help to convict the guilty and exonerate the innocent.
A criminalist collects, documents, preserves, and examines the physical evidence at a crime scene, which could be something as huge as a bus, or as tiny as a pollen grain; criminologists, on the other hand, study why crimes occur, how they can be prevented, and the effects they have on a society.
Within the forensic community, there is a definite sense of curiosity and eagerness about the value of re-approaching older open cases with fresh eyes and new investigative tools. Crimes that baffled detectives when they occurred or were poorly investigated the first time may benefit from outside observers and modern investigative practices.
The criminal justice system in America is the overarching establishment through which crimes and those who commit them are discovered, tried, and punished; a criminalist is not involved in determining the guilt or innocence of an accused individual, but rather in presenting an objective analysis of the evidence.
For an unattended death, law enforcement must use a combination of investigative techniques and science to calculate how much time elapsed between the victim taking their last breath and their remains being found.
While a majority of people currently use the technology for entertainment, those within the field of forensics are coming to realize VR’s potential to be a powerful tool in pursuit of justice.