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Becoming a Forensic Autopsy Technician – Education, Career & Salary Guide

Working in a coroner’s office or medical examiner’s office could be a good job for people who are interested in science, the human body, and helping families to find out what may have caused the death of a loved one. Becoming a forensic autopsy technician is one option for those who are fascinated by human anatomy and who are not squeamish around the idea of dissecting bodies. Additionally, this career typically does not require extensive postsecondary learning.

Forensic autopsy technicians can often work a regular 9-to-5 schedule, assisting a forensic pathologist in working on bodies that come in overnight or during the day. However, at times they may be required to cover weekend and holiday shifts on a part-time basis, depending on the facility’s needs.

Autopsy technician work includes tasks such as preparing the autopsy suite, providing specimen containers for examination, moving bodies, and assisting the pathologist with various parts of the exam. This could involve responsibilities such as eviscerating and weighing organs and collecting toxicology samples. Other responsibilities might include taking notes, photographing the body, suturing a body closed, and releasing a body to a mortician.

Generally, a minimum of certificate-level training or an associate degree in a field such as biology, funeral science, or a similar subject is required. However, knowledge about anatomy, physiology, and medical lab practices that are included in most bachelor’s degree curriculums will help increase job opportunities.

Other skills that are important for forensic autopsy technicians include the ability to stay objective, to work under difficult and sometimes unpleasant conditions, and to be able to communicate with a variety of people from families to law enforcement officials and funeral homes. Technicians must also be capable of moving bodies, sometimes up to 300 pounds or more, alone or with assistance.

Read on to learn more about a career as a forensic autopsy technician.

Career Outlook for Forensic Autopsy Technicians

Job growth estimates are not available specifically for forensic autopsy technicians from the US Bureau of Statistics, which tracks trends for major job occupations. However, the BLS (2022) includes autopsy assistants within the “medical assistant” category and estimates job opportunities in this field will grow 16 percent from 2021 to 2031. This job growth is much faster than the average for all jobs, which is 5 percent for that same time frame.

Those who want to enter the field are encouraged to start their job search by looking through governmental sites, which employ people at various levels, from county medical examiner jobs to positions at federal facilities, such as an air force base. Additionally, a department of pathology and laboratory medicine at a university could also provide interested students with opportunities for employment as forensic autopsy technicians.

Finally, joining a professional group, such as the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS), can be another way to look for job opportunities, both through professional networking and by utilizing that group’s online job listings.

Forensic Autopsy Technician Salary

The pay for forensic autopsy technicians varies by location and by state. The BLS does not track salaries for those with a forensic autopsy technician education, but other sources do provide context for salary and pay.

For example, the website (2022) stated that the average autopsy technician salary was $35,433, with the range typically falling between $31,723 and $37,953. Additionally, (2022), a worldwide job website, indicates that forensic autopsy technicians in the United States earn approximately $39,025 annually. According to, the average salary for autopsy technician jobs near the United States is $40,858. This appears comparable with the annual salaries listed for some positions on job search sites.

Salaries for forensic autopsy technicians vary based on the location of the position and the experience required of an applicant.

How to Become a Forensic Autopsy Technician

Job requirements vary depending on the employing organization and what types of skills are sought in an employee. Generally, forensic autopsy technician education will enable you to learn the basics about working in a medical examiner’s office and acquire general scientific knowledge.

While not all people will take the same path toward becoming a forensic autopsy technician, the following are the most common steps:

  • Step 1: Earn a high school diploma (four years) – A high school diploma (or GED) is required for virtually all forensic autopsy jobs. Those interested in pursuing this career should be sure to excel in classes such as biology, chemistry, and anatomy.
  • Step 2: Pursue a bachelor’s degree (four years) – Most forensic autopsy technicians must have a bachelor’s degree to find employment. Students should consider majoring in a relevant field, such as biology, forensic science, or mortuary science.
  • Step 3: Gain entry-level work experience (timeline varies) – With a bachelor’s degree completed, it is possible to start looking for work in the forensic autopsy field. New graduates can look for jobs at hospitals or with a medical examiner’s office.
  • Step 4: Consider professional certification – Forensic autopsy technicians who have at least 640 hours of experience may be eligible to apply for certification from the American Board of Medicolegal Death Investigators (ABMDI). Although not required, this type of certification can demonstrate an individual’s knowledge and commitment and lead to further career advancement.
  • Step 5: Pursue a master’s degree (optional, two to four years) – For those who are serious about their career and want to continue to grow their responsibilities and salaries, a master’s degree is an option. A master of science degree from a pathologist’s assistant program is one example of a relevant degree discipline.

Since most people working in this career have at least a bachelor’s degree, a high school graduate can expect to spend around four more years in school before they are able to start finding work in the field. Those who go on to earn an advanced degree, which is not required, can expect a total of six more years in school (or eight years in the case of a part-time master’s program).

To discover various degree programs to begin this career path, check out the online forensics degrees guide.

Forensic Autopsy Technician Tasks and Responsibilities

Forensic autopsy technicians work alongside and under the supervision of medical examiners and forensic pathologists to determine the cause of death of the bodies they examine. Forensic autopsy technicians will be required to work on victims of violent deaths and also help to examine the bodies of those whose cause of death is undetermined. Some examples of undetermined causes of death include unknown health issues or cases of sudden death.

Some of the regular tasks that a forensic autopsy technician may be expected to complete include:

  • Preparing bodies for autopsy
  • Setting up the autopsy suite in preparation for autopsies
  • Assisting in the opening and eviscerating of bodies
  • Collecting biological samples from bodies and preparing them for laboratory analysis
  • Maintaining the chain of custody for any samples involved in a criminal investigation
  • Photographing bodies
  • Documenting the autopsy process
  • Maintaining a clean environment for the autopsy process

Forensic Autopsy Technician Licensure and Certification

No particular licensure or certification is needed to be able to work as a forensic autopsy technician. However, there are specific things that are necessary to gain employment. Generally, job applicants will need to be fingerprinted and pass a criminal background check. Most forensic autopsy technicians must have a valid driver’s license and typically be able to move significant amounts of weight, sometimes up to 500 pounds, utilizing tools such as carts and dollies. These requirements are things to consider when pursuing a career as a forensic autopsy technician.

As mentioned above, some forensic autopsy technicians may be eligible for certification from the American Board of Medicolegal Death Investigators (ABMDI). Certification from this group requires that the applicant “be employed in a Medical Examiner or Coroner office or equivalent federal authority with the job responsibility to ‘conduct death scene investigations’ or supervise such investigations at the time of application and examination.”

Those with 640 hours of experience are eligible for Registry Certification, while those with 4,000 hours of experience over the last six years are eligible to become Board Certified. This type of certification does not confer any legal benefits but can help gain more job opportunities over time.

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Rachel Drummond

Rachel Drummond is a freelance writer, educator, and yogini from Oregon. She’s taught English to international university students in the United States and Japan for more than a decade and has a master’s degree in education from the University of Oregon. Rachel writes about meditation, yoga, coaching, and more on her blog (Instagram: @racheldrummondyoga).